Homelessness have been one of the most problematic issues for social service providers in the United States of America. It affects 3.5 million people in the USA each year, permanently or temporary. (Source: Wikipedia). Some of the causes of homelessness in the USA may be natural disasters, untreated mental illness, substances abuse, low paid jobs, prisoner release, unemployment, domestic violence and poverty.
The HEARTH-Act (Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing Act) was signed by President Obama on May 20, 2009 to fight the increasing homelessness. The act focus on homelessness prevention, re-housing, housing consolidation, and the definition of new homeless categories. It reauthorizes the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Programs of 1987.
The McKinney-Vento is a United States federal law that provides money for homeless shelter programs. Signed in 1987 by Ronald Reagan due to a homeless crisis in the 80’s, it’s been reauthorized several times. Still, homelessness persists in the USA. Some people declaim that the solution is not to give more money, and that the problem is deep and complex. It includes education, resources management and opportunities, overpopulation, migration, and other factors that can’t be solved just by making shelters.